Rubber tree is an important economic crop in the tropical areas at home and abroad.The product of rubber tree－natural rubber, is also an important industrial raw material. In the present paper, the total situation of natural rubber plantion in China was analyzed both from the world and domestic perspective. Through these analyses, the current status as wll as the development trends of China's natural rubber plantation were defined. And according the comparative advantage theory, the efficiency advantage index, scale advantage index, benefit advantage index were calculated to evaluate the comprehensive comparative advantage of five main areas of rubber plantation in China, viz. Yunnan, Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian province, respectively from the utilization of the means of production, the degree of planting specialization, and the economic benefit perspectives. And that, the status, the characteristics and the problems of each producing area in China's natural rubber industry were defined.